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Exp Clin Transplant. 2012 Oct;10(5):428-32.

Long-term graft function in a randomized clinical trial comparing laparoscopic versus open donor nephrectomy.

Simforoosh N, Basiri A, Shakhssalim N, Gooran S, Tabibi A, Khoshdel A, Ziaee SA.
PMID: 23031082


To evaluate and compare the long-term graft and survival rates in kidney transplant recipients who had undergone laparoscopic donor nephrectomy versus those who underwent open donor nephrectomy.


Our study was done with 100 cases of laparoscopic donor nephrectomy and 100 cases of open donor nephrectomy, performed between July 2001 and September 2003. Mean follow-up of recipients in this study was 6.6 ± 2.4 years (range, 1-9.3 y). This study has a longer follow-up than previous randomized clinical trials. We compared patient and graft survival in recipients of laparoscopic donor nephrectomy versus those who had open donor nephrectomy.


Mean duration of kidney warm ischemia time was 8.7 ± 2.7 minutes for laparoscopic donor nephrectomy and 1.8 ± 0.92 minutes for open donor nephrectomy. There were no significant differences in 5-year graft survival between the laparoscopic donor nephrectomy and open donor nephrectomy groups (89.5% vs 84.3%; P = .96). There were no differences in delayed graft function between the laparoscopic donor nephrectomy and open donor nephrectomy groups (8 and 11 patients; P = .135). There was a significant difference in 5-year graft survival between recipients with a history of delayed graft function and those without delayed graft function (63.2% vs 89.7%; P = .04). Despite a longer warm ischemia time in laparoscopic donor nephrectomy group (8.69 vs 1.87 min; P = .0001), warm ischemia time had no effect on graft outcome in long-term follow-up.


Although earlier experiences with laparoscopic donor nephrectomies were associated with concerns about long-term effects of laparoscopic donation on the graft function in the recipient, our long-term results confirm that laparoscopic donor nephrectomy provides similar graft outcome to open donor nephrectomy.

Publication Date: 10/4/2012